ISSN 2312-8402

The Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine 2020, № 124

 

Титульний лист / Title

Зміст / Content

Остання сторінка / last page

THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS DERIVED FROM LEAVES AND PSEUDOBULBS OF COELOGYNE FLACCIDA LINDL. (ORCHIDACEAE) AGAINST DIFFERENT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUSSTRAINS / АНТИМІКРОБНА АКТИВНІСТЬ СПИРТОВИХ ЕКСТРАКТІВ, ОТРИМАНИХ З ЛИСТЯ І ПСЕВДОБУЛЬБ COELOGYNE FLACCIDA LINDL. (ORCHIDACEAE) ЩОДО РІЗНИХ ШТАМІВ STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
Buyun L., Kovalska L., Gyrenko O., Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N.

GENETIC DIVERSITY OF SIMMENTAL CATTLE LINES BY POLYMORPHIC BLOOD GROUP SYSTEMS / ГЕНЕТИЧНА ДИФЕРЕНЦІАЦІЯ ЛІНІЙ СИМЕНТАЛЬСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ ВЕЛИКОЇ РОГАТОЇ ХУДОБИ ЗА ПОЛІМОРФНИМИ СИСТЕМАМИ ГРУП КРОВІ
Rossokha V. I., Drobiazko O. V., Boyko Y. A., Tur G. N., Oliinychenko Y. K., Zaderikhina O. A., Brovko O. V.

POST-VACCINATED ALTERATIONS IN THE MARKERS OF LIPID AND PROTEIN OXIDATION IN THE GILLS OF RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) IMMUNIZED AGAINST THE ENTERIC REDMOUTH DISEASE / ПОСТВАКЦИНАЛЬНІ ЗМІНИ МАРКЕРІВ ОКИСЛЕННЯ ЛІПІДІВ І БІЛКІВ ЖАБЕР РАЙДУЖНОЇ ФОРЕЛІ (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) ІМУНІЗУВАНОЇ ПРОТИ YERSINIA RUCKERI
Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N., Grudniewska J., Pękala-Safińska A.

EXERCISE-INDUCED CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF TOTAL PROTEIN AND ITS FRACTIONS IN THE BLOOD OF HORSES INVOLVED IN RECREATIONAL HORSEBACK RIDING / ЗМІНИ РІВНЯ ЗАГАЛЬНОГО БІЛКА ТА ЙОГО ФРАКЦІЙ У КРОВІ КОНЕЙ, ЩО ВИКОРИСТОВУЮТЬСЯ У РЕКРЕАЦІЙНІЙ ВЕРХОВІЙ ЇЗДІ, ВИКЛИКАНІ ФІЗИЧНИМ ТРЕНІНГОМ
Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N., Tkachova I.

ВІДТВОРЮВАЛЬНА ЗДАТНІСТЬ, ЗБЕРЕЖЕНІСТЬ ТА МОЛОЧНА ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЬ КРОСБРЕДНИХ КОРІВ-ПЕРВІСТОК / REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITY, HEALTH AND DAIRY PRODUCTIVITY OF CROSSBREED COWS
Admin O., Admin N., Filipenko I.

ВПЛИВ ЩІЛЬНОСТІ ПОГОЛІВ’Я СВИНЕЙ НА ДОРОЩУВАННІ НА ЇХ ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЬ / INFLUENCE OF PIG STOCKING DENSITY ON PRODUCTIVITY DURING REARING
Buchkovska V., Ievstafiieva Y.

ЕФЕКТИВНІСТЬ РОЗВЕДЕННЯ ІНБРЕДНОЇ ХУДОБИ БІЛОГОЛОВОЇ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ / SELECTION EFFICIENCY OF INBRED CATTLE OF UKRAINIAN WHITEHEAD BREED
Voitenko S. L., Sydorenko O. V.

РІВЕНЬ НЕРВОВОЇ РІВНОВАГИ КОНЕЙ ГУЦУЛЬСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ РІЗНИХ ТИПІВ / THE LEVEL OF NERVOUS BALANCE IN HUCUL HORSE BREED OF DIFFERENT TYPES
Golovach M. J., Golovach M. M.

ВПЛИВ ПЛАВНОЇ ЗМІНИ СПЕКТРУ СВІТЛА У ПТАШНИКУ ВПРОДОВЖ ПЕРІОДУ ВИРОЩУВАННЯ КУРЧАТ-БРОЙЛЕРІВ НА ЇХ РІСТ І РОЗВИТОК / THE INFLUENCE OF THE SMOOTH CHANGE OF THE LIGHT SPECTRUM IN POULTRY HOUSES DURING THE PERIOD OF RAISING BROILER CHICKENS ON THEIR GROWTH PERFORMANCE
Drachuk I. V., Ryabinina E. V., Melnyk V. O., Ruda S. V., Chaplygin E. M.

ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЬ ДІЙНИХ КОРІВ ПРИ ВИКОРИСТАННІ НОВІТНЬОЇ ТЕХНОЛОГІЇ ГОДІВЛІ / PRODUCTIVITY OF MILKING COWS USING NEW FEEDING TECHNOLOGY
Zolotaryov A., Sedyuk I., Zolotaryova S.

ПСИХОФІЗІОЛОГІЧНІ ВЛАСТИВОСТІ ЦУЦЕНЯТ ЯК МАРКЕРИ ВІДБОРУ ДЛЯ ЇХ ПОДАЛЬШОГО ВИКОРИСТАННЯ / PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF PUPPIES AS SELECTION MARKERS FOR THEIR FURTHER USE
Kovalenko V. M., Glazkov E. O., Halytska L. M., Levchenko A. V.

ЗАБІЙНІ ЯКОСТІ МОЛОДНЯКУ СВИНЕЙ ПОРІД ЛАНДРАС ТА УЕЛЬС / SLAUGHTER QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS OF LANDRAS AND WELSH
Kozir V. S., Tsereniuk O. M., Akimov O. V., Babicz M.

ВПЛИВ АМІНОКИСЛОТНОГО ЖИВЛЕННЯ НА ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЬ ЦЬОГОЛІТКІВ РАЙДУЖНОЇ ФОРЕЛІ / THE INFLUENCE OF AMINO ACID NUTRITION ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF RAINBOW TROUT
Kondratiuk V. M.

ВИЖИВАНІСТЬ СПЕРМИ КНУРІВ ЗА ВИКОРИСТАННЯ У РОЗБАВНИКАХ ДИСТИЛЬОВАНОЇ ВОДИ РІЗНОГО ВИРОБНИЦТВА / BOAR SPERM SURVIVAL ABILITY IN DISTINCTORS OF DIFFERENTLY PRODUCED DISTILLED WATER
Martyniuk I. M., C., Strizhak T. A., Sakhatsky G. I.

ВПЛИВ ЩІЛЬНОСТІ ПОСАДКИ НА НЕСУЧІСТЬ, ЗБЕРЕЖЕНІСТЬ І ЕФЕКТИВНІСТЬ ВИКОРИСТАННЯ КУРЕЙ-НЕСУЧОК В КЛІТКОВИХ БАТАРЕЯХ / THE EFFECT OF STOCKING DENSITY ON EGG PRODUCTION, PRESERVATION AND EFFICIENCY OF USING LAYING HENS IN BATTERY CAGES
Pankova S. M.

ВИКИДИ ПАРНИКОВИХ ГАЗІВ ІЗ ПОБІЧНОЇ ПРОДУКЦІЇ ПРИ РОЗВЕДЕННІ М’ЯСНОЇ ПОРОДИ ШАРОЛЕ / GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM BY-PRODUCTS DURING CHAROLET MEAT BREEDING
Piskun V., Osipenko T., Sikun M.

ЕФЕКТИВНІСТЬ ПРОБІОТИКА НА ОСНОВІ МОЛОЧНОКИСЛИХ БАКТЕРІЙ В ПЕРІОД ЗМІНИ СКЛАДУ РАЦІОНУ У ДІЙНИХ КОРІВ У ТРАНЗИТНУ ФАЗУ ЛАКТАЦІЇ / THE USING EFFICIENCY OF PROBIOTICS, BASED ON LACTIC ACID BACTERIA, DURING THE RATION COMPOSITION CHANGE PERIOD AT THE LACTATION TRANSIT PHASE in DAIRY COWS
Podobed L. I., Kravchenko Y. S., Sedyuk I. E., Yeletska L. M., Zolotarev A. P., Prusova G. L., Petrenko S. V.

ТЕОРЕТИЧНІ ОСНОВИ ГОДІВЛІ ВЕЛИКОЇ РОГАТОЇ ХУДОБИ У ІСТОРИЧНІЙ ТА СУЧАСНІЙ РЕТРОСПЕКЦІЇ (за бібліографією академіка Г.О. Богданова) / THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF FATTENING CATTLE IN HISTORICAL AND MODERN RETROSPECTION (according to the bibliography of Academician G. Bogdanov)
Rudenko Ye. V., Kunets V. V.

ВПЛИВ РІВНЯ ОСНОВНИХ ЛІМІТУЮЧИХ АМІНОКИСЛОТ І МЕТАБОЛІЧНОЇ ЕНЕРГІЇ У РАЦІОНАХ НА ПОКАЗНИКИ ПРОТЕЇНОВОГО ОБМІНУ ТА ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЬ ПОРОСЯТ / THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY BASIC LIMITING AMINO ACIDS AND METABOLIC ENERGY LEVELS ON PROTEIN METABOLISM INDICATORS AND PRODUCTIVITY OF PIGLETS
Svarchevska O. Z., Оhоrоdnyk  N. Z.

ОСОБЛИВОСТІ КАРІОТИПУ КОРІВ БІЛОГОЛОВОЇ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ / FEATURES OF THE KARYOTYPE OF WHITE-HEADED COWS OF UKRAINIAN BREED
Starodub L. F.

ТОРІЙСЬКА ПОРОДА КОНЕЙ В УКРАЇНІ / TORI HORSE BREED IN UKRAINE
Tkachova I. V., Maruschak V. D., Banas V. M.

АГРОКЛАСТЕР КАК ОСНОВА РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ / AGROCLUSTER AS A BASIS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES
Trishin A.

СТАН ТА ТЕНДЕНЦІЇ РОЗВИТКУ КОНКУРЕНТОЗДАТНОГО ВІВЧАРСТВА В УКРАЇНІ / STATE AND TRENDS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETITIVE SHEEP BREEDING IN UKRAINE
Turynskiy V. M., Bogdanova K. S., Bogdanova N. V.

РЕЗУЛЬТАТИ ОЦІНКИ ПЛЕМІННОЇ ЦІННОСТІ СВИНОМАТОК З ВИКОРИСТАННЯМ ТРАДИЦІЙНИХ ТА ІННОВАЦІЙНИХ МЕТОДІВ / RESULTS OF BREEDING VALUE EVALUATION OF SOWS WITH THE USE OF TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE METHODS
Khalak V. I., Kozir V. S., Rudenko Ye. V.

ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ОБРОБКИ ЯЄЦЬ ВОДОПЛАВНОЇ ПТИЦІ В ПРОЦЕСІ ІНКУБАЦІЇ / FEATURES OF PROCESSING OF WATERFOWL EGGS DURING THE INCUBATION
Shomina N. V., Baydevlyatova O. M.

ISSN 2312-8402

The Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine 2020, № 123

 

Титульний лист / Title

Зміст / Content

ДО 90-РІЧЧЯ ВІД ДНЯ НАРОДЖЕННЯ ГРИГОРІЯ ОЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧА БОГДАНОВА (1930–2009) / To the 90th birth anniversary of Grigory Oleksandrovych Bohdanov (1930–2009)
Кунець В. В.

ОЛЕКСІЙ ДМИРОВИЧ БУГРОВ – ВІДОМИЙ УКРАЇНСЬКИЙ ВЧЕНИЙ-РЕПРОДУКТОЛОГ (СПОГАД ПРО КОЛЕГУ ТА НАСТАВНИКА) / OLEKSIY DMYROVYCH BUGROV - A FAMOUS UKRAINIAN SCIENTIST-REPRODUCTOLOGIST (DEVOTED TO MEMORY OF A COLLEAGUE AND A TEACHER)
Сушко О. Б.

ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VEGETATIVE ORGANS OF DENDROBIUM PARISHII RCHB.F. IN THE MUSCLE TISSUE OF RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM): IN VITRO MODEL STUDY
Buyun L., Gyrenko O., Opryshko M., Kovalska L., Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N.

IDENTIFICATION OF THE ANTIBACTERIAL EFFICACY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS FROM AGLAONEMA COMMUTATUM SCHOTT LEAVES AND ITS CULTIVARS AGAINST ESCHERICHIA COLI STRAIN
Opryshko M., Gyrenko O., Buyun L., Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N.,Tomin V.

IN VITRO SCREENING FOR ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACTS OF SOME BEGONIA SPECIES AGAINST METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA) STRAIN
Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N., Buyun L., Tomin V.

EXERCISE-INDUCED ALTERATIONS OF THE OXIDATIVE STRESS BIOMARKERS IN ERYTHROCYTESOF PONIES INVOLVED IN RECREATIONAL HORSEBACK RIDING
Tkachenko H., Kurhaluk N., Tkachova I.

PHENOTYPIC CONSOLIDATION COEFFICIENTS OF BIRTH-WEIGHT INDICATORS IN SOWS OF WELSH BREED
Tsereniuk O. M., Martyniuk I. M., Akimov O. V., Shkavro N. M., Babicz M.

АСОЦІАЦІАТИВНІ ЗВ’ЯЗКИ ГЕНОТИПІВ КАППА-КАЗЕИНУ, БЕТА-ЛАКТОГЛОБУЛІНУ, ЛЕПТИНУ ТА СОМАТОТРОПІНУ З МОЛОЧНОЮ ПРОДУКТИВНІСТЮ ХУДОБИ В ПОПУЛЯЦІЇ СИМЕНТАЛЬСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ / ASSOCIATIVE RELATIONSHIPS OF KAPPA-CASEIN, BETA-LACTOGLOBULIN, LEPTIN AND SOMATOTROPIN GENOTYPES WITH DAIRY PRODUCTIVITY IN SIMMENTAL BREED
Бойко О. А., Россоха В. I., Дробязко О. В., Олійниченко Є. К., Задерихіна О. А.

СЕЛЕКЦИОННО-ПЛЕМЕННАЯ РАБОТА С ПРОИЗВОДЯЩИМ СОСТАВОМ РАЗВОДИМЫХ ПОРОД ОВЕЦ В БЕЛАРУСИ / SELECTION AND BREEDING WORK WITH PRODUCING STOCK OF SHEEP BREEDS REARED IN BELARUS
Герман Ю. И., Герман А. И., Грекова И. Е.

ТЕХНОЛОГО-ЕКОНОМІЧНА ОЦІНКА ВИРОБНИЦТВА ПРОДУКЦІЇ В ГОСПОДАРСТВАХ ЗА РІЗНИХ ТЕХНОЛОГІЙ УТРИМАННЯ ПТИЦІ / TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF PRODUCTS IN HOUSEHOLDS FOR VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES OF POULTRY MAINTENANCE
Драчук І. В., Катеринич О. О., Рябініна О. В.

РОЗВИТОК РЕМОНТНИХ ТЕЛИЦЬ СИМЕНТАЛЬСЬКОЇ ПОРОДИ РІЗНОЇ ГЕНЕАЛОГІЧНОЇ ПРИНАЛЕЖНОСТІ В ПОСТНАТАЛЬНОМУ ОНТОГЕНЕЗІ / DEVELOPMENT OF REPLACEMENT HEIFERS RELATED TO THE DIFFERENT GENEALOGICAL LINES OF THE SIMMENTAL BREED IN THE POST-NATAL ONTOGENY
Когут М. І.

НАУКОВИЙ ДОРОБОК А. А. БЄЛІКОВА У РОЗВИТОК БІОЛОГІЇ РОЗМНОЖЕННЯ ТА ТЕОРІЇ І ПРАКТИКИ ШТУЧНОГО ОСІМЕНІННЯ СВИНЕЙ (до 85-річчя від дня народження) / A. A. BELIKOV'S SCIENTIFIC LEGACY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY, THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION IN PIGS (TIMED TO THE 85TH ANNIVERSARY OF BIRTH)
Мартинюк І. М.

ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ЕКСПЕРТНОЇ ОЦІНКИ ВАРТОСТІ ДОМАШНІХ ТВАРИН / FEATURES OF VALUATION OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS
Марчук А. А.

ОЦІНКА ЖЕРЕБЦІВ-ПЛІДНИКІВ НОВООЛЕКСАНДРІВСЬКОЇ ВАГОВОЗНОЇ ПОРОДИ / ASSESSMENT OF STALLIONS OF THE NOVOALEKSANDROVSKY DRAFT BREED
Павловський С. С., Ткачова І. В.

ВСТАНОВЛЕННЯ ЦІЛЬОВИХ МЕЖ ВІДБОРУ СВИНЕЙ / THE DETERMINATION OF SELECTION BORDERS FOR PIGS
Пелих В. Г., Ушакова С. В.

КОМПЛЕКСНА ОЦІНКА ПЛЕМІННОЇ ЦІННОСТІ БАРАНІВ-ПЛІДНИКІВ РІЗНИХ ГЕНОТИПІВ / COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF FARMING RAMS BREEDING VALUE RELATED TO DIFFERENT GENOTYPES
Помітун І. А., Косова Н. О., Корх І. В., Паньків Л. П., Бойко Н. В., Рязанов П. О., Данілова Т. М., Мамчич В. В.

ОБҐРУНТУВАННЯ ПЕРСПЕКТИВНОСТІ ВИКОРИСТАННЯ КАНДИДАТНИХ ПОЛІМОРФІЗМІВ У МАРКЕРНІЙ СЕЛЕКЦІЇ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ М’ЯСНОЇ ПОРОДИ СВИНЕЙ / JUSTIFICATION OF CANDIDATE POLYMORPHISMS USAGE IN MARKER-ASSISTED SELECTION OF UKRAINIAN MEATY PIG BREED
Россоха В. I., Олійниченко Е. К., Бойко О. А., Задерихіна О. А.

ВПЛИВ ТЕХНОЛОГІЧНИХ І КОНСТРУКТИВНИХ ОСОБЛИВОСТЕЙ ПРИГОТУВАННЯ ТА РОЗДАВАННЯ КОРМІВ В ГРУПАХ НА ОСНОВНІ ПОКАЗНИКИ МІКРОКЛІМАТУ В ГРУПОВИХ СТАНКАХ ДЛЯ ПОРОСЯТ ВІКОМ ВІД ОДНОГО ДО ТРЬОХ МІСЯЦІВ / IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL AND CONSTRUCTIVE FEATURES OF PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FEED IN GROUPS ON THE MAIN INDICATORS OF MICROCLIMATE IN GROUPS OF FARROWING OLD PIGLETS FROM ONE TO THREE MONTHS
Сікун М. В.

МОРФОМЕТРИЧНІ ТА ВІДТВОРНІ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ СОБАК ПОРОДИ СЕРЕДНЬОАЗІАТСЬКА ВІВЧАРКА ЗА РІЗНИХ УМОВ УТРИМАННЯ / MORPHOMETRIC AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CENTRAL ASIAN SHEPHERD DOG BREED UNDER DIFFERENT HOUSING CONDITIONS
Соболь О. М.

ДОБОВА ДИНАМІКА ПРОЯВУ ОЗНАК СТАТЕВОЇ ОХОТИ КОРІВ ТА ТЕЛИЦЬ ПАРУВАЛЬНОГО ВІКУ МОЛОЧНОГО СТАДА ЗА БЕЗПРИВ’ЯЗНОГО УТРИМАННЯ / DAILY DYNAMICS OF SEXUAL HUNTING SIGNS IN COWS AND HEIFERS OF MATING AGE OF DAIRY HERD WITH LOOSE HOUSING
Ткачов А. В., Шахова Ю. Ю.

ГЕНЕАЛОГІЧНІ ЛІНІЇ В ОРЛОВСЬКІЙ РИСИСТІЙ ПОРОДІ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ЧАСТИНИ ПОПУЛЯЦІЇ / GENEALOGICAL LINES IN THE ORLOV’S TROTTING BREED OF THE UKRAINIAN PART OF THE POPULATION
Ткачова І. В., Фролова Г. О.

РОЗРАХУНОК ГЕНЕТИЧНОГО ПОТЕНЦІАЛУ ПРОДУКТИВНОСТІ В СВИНАРСТВІ / CALCULATION OF GENETIC POTENTIAL OF PRODUCTIVITY IN PIG BREEDING
Церенюк О. М.

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Tserenyuk Aleksandr, Doctor of Science, assistant professor
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4797-9685
Akimov Aleksandr, 
PhD, Senior Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1938-0459
Shkavro Natalya, PhD, Senior Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9768-1847
Chereuta Yury
Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-248-257

Keywords: constitution, sows, repair pigs, measurements, exterior profile, body indices.

Abstract

The article highlights the results of the constitutionindices assessment of two-breed repair pigs and sows of the main herd (from Welsh breed as the main maternal form). The development of pigs was determined by individually taking of basic measurements of the body. To linear growth of animals determine the following measurements were evaluated: height at the withers, body length, chest width behind the shoulder blades, chest depth behind the shoulder blades, chest girth behind the shoulder blades, metacarpus, pad length. According to the obtained absolute indices the main body indices were calculated. The research results were processed by traditional methods of variation statistics. The elongation index for both repair pigs and the main sows increased as live weight increased. In repair pigs, it ranged from 169.0 % to 186.3 %, of main sows – from 190.6 % to 216.2 %. On the compactness index, in most cases the opposite picture was observed. So, in repair pigs, the value of this index decreased from 101.3 % to 97.2 %, and for main sows - from 100.0 % to 85.9 %. For the rest of the estimated indices clear dependence was not indicated. Slightly larger values were noted on the index of elongation in the main sows, compared with repair pigs. The opposite picture is obtained by the compactness index. Meanwhile, according to other indices, there were no significant differences between the main sows and repair pigs. It was established that for both repair pigs and main sows, there was a gradual decrease in the values of the ILW index with an increase in live weight. At the same time, in the main sows with a live weight of 240-260 kg up to 260-280 kg, the ILW index has not changed. Between repair pigs and main sows for width, depth and coverage of the lower back measurements there is a highly reliable difference in favor of the main sows – 7.69 %, 16.38 % and 9.14 %, respectively (p≤0.001).

References

  1. Tsereniuk, O. M., Korkh, I. V., Akimov, O. V., Stryzhak, T. A., Shkavro, N. M., Khvatova, M. A., Martyniuk, I. M., Palahuta, A. V., Tronchuk, A. I., Chereuta, Yu. V., Tymofiienko, I. M., Romanova, V. O., Tsereniuk, M. V., & Maltsev O. M. (2015). Pidvyshchennia realizatsii henetychnoho potentsialu produktyvnosti svynei porid landras i uels za vidtvoriuvalnymy ta vidhodivelnymy yakostiamy [Improvement of realization of genetic potential of productivity of pigs of Landrace and Welsh breed for reproductive and fattening qualities]. Kharkiv : Instytut tvarynnytstva NAAN [in Ukrainian].
  2. Ahapova, Ye. M. & Susol, R. L. (2015). Uzahalnennia selektsiino-tekhnolohichnykh osnov stvorennia ta praktychnoho vykorystannia perspektyvnoho henotypu svynei odeskoho rehionu [Generalization of selection and technological bases of creation and practical use of the perspective genotype of pigs in the Odessa region]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomor’ia Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Black Sea Region. Mykolaiv, 2(2), 63-70 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Khalak, V. I. & Chehorka, P. T. (2015). Svynarstvo Naddniprianshchyny v kintsi ХІХ – na pochatku ХХ stolittia [Pig Production of the Dnieper in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries]. Byuleten Instytutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoyi zony NAAN UkrainyBulletin of the Institute of Agriculture of the steppe zone of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsk, 9, 143-147 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Tsereniuk, O., Akimov, O., Chereuta, Y. & Kosov, M. (2019). Features of sperm injection into genital tracts of sows and gilts in artificial insemination. Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium Modern Trends in Livestock Production October 9-11, 2019. – Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun, Serbia. – Р. 423-430.
  5. Stavetska, R. V. & Piotrovych, N. A. (2015). Vplyv henotypu knuriv na reproduktyvni yakosti svynomatok [Influence of genotype of buds on reproductive quality of sows]. Tehnologіja virobnictva і pererobki produkcіі tvarinnictva – Technology of production and processing of livestock products, 1, 65-70 [in Ukrainian].
  6. Tsereniuk, O., Susol, R., Bordun, O., Paliy, A., Shkromada, O., Akimov, O. & Tsereniuk, M. (2019). Dependence of sows` phenotypic consolidation of productivity on the reason of their culling due in index selection. Porc Res, 9(1), 15-20 [in Romania].
  7. Martyniuk, I. M., Tsereniuk, O. M. & Akimov, O. V. (2019). Zaplidnenist ta bahatoplidnist svynomatok zalezhno vid kratnosti osimeninnia u rizni pory roku [Fertility and breeding of sows depending on the multiplicity of insemination at different times of the year]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Instytutu tvarynnytstva NAAN– The Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS. Kyarkiv, 121, 152-162. DOI: 10.32900/2312-8402-2019-121-156-162 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Karunna, T. I. (2012). Indeksy tilobudovy remontnykh svynok riznykh henotypiv [Indices of body of gilts of different genotypes]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu – Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Vinnytsia, 3(61), 104-106 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Leontiev, V. V. (2011). Dynamika rostu ta rozvytku molodniaku otrymanoho vid svynomatok ukrainskoi m’iasnoi porody za riznykh metodiv rozvedennia [Dynamics of growth and development of young animals obtained from sows of Ukrainian breed for different breeding methods]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu – Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Vinnytsia, 11 (51), 41–46 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Aknievskyi, Yu. P. & Hryshyna, L. P. (2006). Zakonomirnosti rostu svynei riznykh henotypiv [Characteristics of growth of pigs of different genotypes]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomor’ia – UkrainianBlack Sea region agrarian science. Mykolaiv, 3(35), 2, 166-170 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Khalak, V. I. & Kravchenko V. O. (2006). Zakonomirnosti rostu remontnykh svynok vnutrishnoporodnoho typu UVB-3 ta yikh produktyvnist [Regularities of Growth of Repair Wounds of Intravenous Type UVB-3 and Their Productivity]. Tavriiskyi naukovyi visnyk – Tavriysky Scientific Bulletin. Kherson, 43, 386 - 389 [in Ukrainian].
  12. Topchii, L. I. (2007). Indeksna otsinka rostu i rozvytku svynei askaniiskoho typu Ukrainskoi m’iasnoi porody [Index evaluation of growth and development of Ascanian pigs of Ukrainian breed]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky – Bulletin of Agrarian Science, 9, 75-76 [in Ukrainian].
  13. Topchii, L. I. (2009). Otsinka knuriv za rostom, rozvytkom ta budovoiu tila nashchadkiv [Estimation of buds by growth, development and structure of descendants]. Ptakhivnytstvo –Poultry Farming. Kharkiv, 63, 17-22 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Tsereniuk, O. M., Chereuta, Yu. V. & Tsereniuk, M. V. (2018). Fenotypova konsolidatsiia pokaznykiv budovy tila dvoporodnykh svynomatok [Phenotypic consolidation of indicators of body structure of two-breed sows]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Instytutu tvarynnytstva NAAN – The Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS. Kharkiv, 120, 168-176 [in Ukrainian].
  15. Birta, H. O. & Burhu, Yu. H. (2008). Zalezhnist vykhodu m’iaso-salnoi produktsii ta yakosti svynyny vid henotypu [Dependence of meat and seafood output and pork quality on genotype]. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii – Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy. Poltava, 1, 187-188 [in Ukrainian].
  16. Busenko, O. T., Stoliuk, V. D., Mohylnyi, O. Y. et al. (2005). Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva produktsii tvarynnytstva [Livestock production technology]. O. T. Busenka (Ed.). Kyiv : Vyshcha osvita [in Ukrainian].
  17. Shcherban, T. V. (2014). Osoblyvosti liniinoho rostu tovarnoho molodniaku svynei [Peculiarities of Linear Growth of Commodity Pigs]. Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannia Ukrainy. Seriia: Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva Scientific Bulletin of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. Series: Technology of production and processing of livestock products. Kyiv, 202, 95-100 [in Ukrainian].
  18. Hryshyna, L. P. (2012). Prohnozuvannia produktyvnosti svynei za indeksamy rostu v rannomu ontohenezi [Predicting the productivity of pigs by growth indices in early ontogeny]. Svynarstvo. Mizhvidomchyi tematychnyi naukovyi zbirnyk Instytutu svynarstva i ahropromyslovoho vyrobnytstva NAANPigbreeding. Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection of the Institute of Pig Breeding and Аgro-industrial production of the NAAS. Poltava, 60, 50-55 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Tsereniuk, O. M., Korkh, I. V., Akimov, O. V. & Butenko, V. O. (2013). Rozvytok svynei v zalezhnosti vid stresostiikosti [The development of pigs depending on stress resistance]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Instytutu tvarynnytstva NAAN – The Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS. Kharkiv,110, 196-201 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Tsereniuk, O. M. (2006). Uelska poroda svynei ukrainskoi selektsii [The Welsh breed of pigs of Ukrainian breeding]. Dnipropetrovs’k: DDAU [in Ukrainian].
  21. Plohinskij, N. A. (1969). Rukovodstvo po biometrii dlja zootehnikov [Guide to biometrics for livestock specialists]. Moskva : Kolos, [in Russian].
  22. Baranovskij, D. I., Hohlov, A. M. & Getmanec, O. M. (2017). Biometrija v MS Excel: uchebnoe posobie [Biometrics in MS Excel: tutorial]. Har'kov : FLP Brovin A. V. [in Russian].

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Filipenko Irina, graduate student,
Pomitun Ivan, Doctor of Agricultural Sci., Professor
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7743-3600
Admina Natalia, Ph.D.,
Zolotarev Angrey,
Institute of Animal Science of NAAS
Admin Alexandr, Ph.D., Senior Researcher,
LLC TD Ukrainian Veterinary Technologies.

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-237-248

Keywords: milk productivity, lactation, mastitis, somatic cell content, phenotypic factor.

Abstract

The results of the influence of phenotypic factors on the milk productivity of cows and milk quality indicators, in particular, the content of somatic cells, are presented. A reliable effect of the age of the animal, the stage of lactation, the season of the year and the machine milking operator on the physical-chemical parameters of milk and cow disease with mastitis was established.
More than 15,000 milk samples were analyzed and it was revealed that the average somatic cell content in milk was quite high 411 ± 7 thousand per cm3. According to the obtained data, about 20
% of the studied milk samples were obtained from cows with subclinical or clinical mastitis.
According to the results of the analysis of variance, the content of somatic cells for cows of 6 lactation and older (634 ± 53.1 thousand in cm3) was almost two times higher than in heifers (331 ± 9.2 thousand in cm3).
The seasonal changes in average milk yield, fat and protein content in cow's milk are analyzed. The average daily milk yield varied from 18.3 ± 0.19 kg in January to 21.7 ± 0.17 kg in July, the fat content ranged from 3.72 ± 0.012 % in July to 4.37 ± 0.024
% in December, the protein content from 3.07 ± 0.011 % in June to 3.35 ± 0.010% in November. The season’s influence was 4.6 %, 10.4 % and 5.8 %, respectively. The lowest average number of somatic cells (306 ± 18.1 thousand in cm3) was observed in milk samples obtained in May, and the highest 539 ± 33.8 thousand in cm3 in January (P<0.05).
The “machine milking operator” factor influence on the average daily milk yield was 4.1
%, on the fat content 5.8%, protein 1.2% and on the content of somatic cells in milk 1.8 %. At the same time, the difference between the maximum and minimum values was: for a daily milk yield of 5.4 kg, for a fat content of 0.53%, for a protein of 0.14%, and for a somatic cell content of 403 thousand in cm3.
The percentage of cows with mastitis also reliably depended on the machine milking operator. The greatest number of cases of cow diseases with mastitis was observed in the sixth group (29.3 ± 3.46
%), which was more than three times higher than in the eighth group (9.0 ± 2.65 %).

References

1. Petrov, P. Zhukova, Y., & Yuriy, D. (2016). The Effects of Dairy Management on Milk Quality Characteristics. Turkish Journal of Agriculture – Food Science and Technology. 4, 9, 782-786

2. Nyman, A. K., Persson, Waller, K., Bennedsgaard, T. W., Larsen, T., & Emanuelson, U. (2014). Associations of udder-health indicators with cow factors and with intramammary infection in dairy cows. Dairy Sci., 97, 9, 5459-5473.

3. Dohmen, W., Neijenhuis, F., & Hogeveen, H. (2010). Relationship between udder health and hygiene on farms with an automatic milking system. J. Dairy Sci., 93, 9, 4019-4033.

4. Sheldrake, R. F., Hoare, R. J. T., & McGregor, G. D. (1983). Lactation Stage, Parity, and Infection Affecting Somatic Cells, Electrical Conductivity, and Serum Albumin in Milk J. Dairy Sci. ‑ 66, 3. ‑ 542-547.

5. Ericsson Unnerstad, H., Lindberg, A., Persson Waller, K., Ekman, T., Artursson, K., Nilsson-Ost, M., & Bengtsson, B. (2009). Microbial aetiology of acute clinical mastitis and agent-specific risk factors. Vet. Microbiol. 137(1-2), 90-97.

6. Zazharska, N. M., Kurban, D. A., & Holubieva, O. V (2017). Vmist zhyru, bilku, somatychnykh klityn u molotsi koriv i kiz v zalezhnosti vid kilkosti laktatsii [Content of fat, protein, somatic cells in milk of cows and goats depending on the number of lactations] Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Naukovo-doslidnoho tsentru biobezpeky ta ekolohichnoho kontroliu resursiv APK – Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Research Center for Biosafety and Environmental Control of Resources of the Agroindustrial Complex. Dnipro: DAEU, 5(4), 17-24 [in Ukrainian].

7. Sharma, N., Singh, N. K., & Bhadwal, M. S (2011).Relationship of Somatic Cell Count and Mastitis : An Overview. J. Anim. Sci., 24, 3, 429-438.

8. Koivula, M., Mäntysaari, E. A., Negussie, E., & Serenius, T. (2005). Genetic and Phenotypic Relationships Among Milk Yield and Somatic Cell Count Before and After Clinical Mastitis. J. Dairy Sci., 88, 2, 827-833

9. Zazharska, N. M., & Priadka, O. V., (2015). Vplyv periodu laktatsii, chasu nadoiu, sezonu na kilkist somatychnykh klityn moloka koriv [Influence of lactation period, milking time, season on the number of somatic cells of milk of cows] Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Naukovo-doslidnoho tsentru biobezpeky ta ekolohichnoho kontroliu resursiv APK –  Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Research Center for Biosafety and Environmental Control of Resources of the Agroindustrial Complex. Dnipro : DAEU, 3, 1, 107-114 [in Ukrainian].

10. Frössling, J., Ohlson, A., & Hallén-Sandgren, C., (2017). Incidence and duration of increased somatic cell count in Swedish dairy cows and associations with milking system type. J. Dairy Sci., 100, 9. 7368-7378

11. Olde Riekerink, R. G. M., Barkema, H. W., Stryhn, H. (2007). The Effect of Season on Somatic Cell Count and the Incidence of Clinical Mastitis, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 1704-1715.

 

 

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Tur Grigoriy, Ph.D.,
Rossokha Vladimir, Ph.D., Senior Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0978-9349
Zaderikhina Elena,
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8907-4908
Brovko Aleksey,
Aleshchenko Olga

Institute of Animal Science of the NAAS

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-229-236

Keywords: allele, genotype, blood grope, horses, stud farm, population, Orlov trotter breed, breeding.

Abstract

The article highlights the Ukrainian selections Orlov trotter horses breed gene pool specificity of leading breeding farms and the private sector (n = 2778).
 The Orlov trotter is a universal breed not only used on the racetrack, but also in classical equestrian sports, in theaters, circus, equestrian tourism, and also replenishes the hobby class horse market.
In Ukraine, the Orlov trotter horses breed is the third largest, and makes up 17.9
% of the total number of breeding horses.
One of the determining factors for the sustainable, progressive development of the domestic Orlov trotter population is the qualitative improvement of the breeding stock, taking into account the current conditions of their using and the prospects of progressive development, as well as their ability to respond to changing market requirements. This necessitates a comprehensive understanding about the genetic material, the essential element of which is genetic labeling using hereditary polymorphism.
Each of the studied Orlov trotter populations of the domestic breeding has a unique immunogenetic profile, which is related both to breed differences and properties, and to breeding methods.
Specificity and variability have been established for loci of blood group systems in Orlov trotters. A high frequency of blood group alleles is observed: Aad(0,8651 – 0,9711), Dbcm (0,1515 – 0,3059), Dcgm (0,0845 – 0,4047). Relatively rarely presented alleles: Ca (0
,1032 – 0,3020), Ka (0,1191 – 0,3090), Dad (0,083 – 0,2323), Ddg (0,0621 – 0,2738). Alleles Dd, Dde, Ddk and Dcegm in horses breed have the lowest frequency values, which range from 0 to 16 %.
The polymorphic A−system of blood groups in Orlov trotter horses is characterized by high saturation of the Aad allele. C and K genetic systems are characterized by a slightly lower frequency of Ca and Ka alleles.
Immunogenetic differences were determined and comparative characteristics of farm horses by blood groups alleles’ frequency and spectrum were performed.
The high genetic diversity in the breed was found, in general, which created the basis for breeding activities for Orlov trotter’s consolidation.

References

1. Mysin, M. A. (2010). Sravnitel'nyy analiz khozyaystvennykh priznakov matochnykh semeystv loshadey orlovskoy rysistoy porody [Comparative analysis of economic features of the uterine families of horses of the Orlov trotter breed]. Candidate’s thesis. Moskva. [in Russian].

2. Gromova, T. V., Asanov, S. S (2017). Otsenka vliyaniya proiskhozhdeniya na rabotosposobnost' loshadey orlovskoy rysistoy porody. Vestnik Altayskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. – Assessment of the influence of origin on the performance of horses of the Orlov trotter breed. Bulletin of Altai State Agrarian University, 10 (156), 121–125 [in Russian].

3. Hlushak, I. I., & Khomenko M. V. (2016). Kharakterystyka liniinoho rostu i zhvavosti kobyl orlovskoi rysystoi porody [Characteristics of linear growth and liveliness of mares of the Orlov trotter breed]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten'. Instytut tvarynnytstva NAAN – Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine. Kharkiv, 116. 29–33 [in Ukrainian].

4. Hlushak, I. I. (2015). Dynamika liniinoho rostu i zhvavosti u selektsiinomu protsesi kobyl orlovskoi rysystoi porody [Dynamics of linear growth and liveliness in the breeding process of mares of the Orlov trotter breed]. SWorld : Sbornik nauchn. trudov. –SWorld : Collection of scientific papers, 23, 1/38, 19–24 [in Ukrainian].

5. Instruktsiia z bonituvannia pleminnykh konei – Breeding Horse Boning Instruction (2007). Kyiv: Aristei [in Ukrainian].

6. Tkachova, I. V. (2009). Suchasna liniina struktura orlovskoi rysystoi porody v Ukraini. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten'. Instytut tvarynnytstva NAAN – Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine. Kharkiv, 101. 127–137  [in Ukrainian].

7. Tkachova, I. V. (2018). Selektsiino-henetychnyi monitorynh u koniarstviBreeding and genetic monitoring in horse breeding - Kyiv : Ahrarna nauka - Agrarian science[in Ukrainian].

8. Mel'nyk, Yu.F., Didyk, M. V., Podoba B. Ye., Dzitsiuk V. V., Rossokha V. I., Novikov O. O. (2002). Henetychnyi monitorynh u koniarstvi Ukrainy [Genetic monitoring in horse breeding in Ukraine]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten'. Instytut tvarynnytstva UAANScientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine. Kharkiv, 82, 60-63 [in Ukrainian].

9. Dubrovskaya, R. N., & Starodumov, I. M. (1996). Metodicheskiye rekomendatsii po ispol'zovaniyu polimorfnykh sistem belkov i grupp krovi pri kontrole dostovernosti proiskhozhdeniya loshadey [Methodical recommendations for the use of polymorphic systems of proteins and blood groups in the control of the reliability of the origin of horses] Vserossiyskiy nauchno-issledovatel'skiy institut konevodstva; Divovo [in Russian].

10. Burkat, V. P., Husiev, I. V., Borodai I. S., Kopylov K. V., Bodriashova K. V., Kukhtina K. V., Podoba B. Ye., Biriukova O. D., Porkhun M. H., Kovtun S. I., Basovskyi D. M., Ziuziun A. B., Iovenko V. M., Nazarenko V. H., Herasymenko V. V., & Rossokha V. I.(2010). Rekomendatsii iz vykorystannia spadkovoho polimorfizmu v pleminnomu tvarynnytstvi Ukrainy [Recommendations on the use of hereditary polymorphism in breeding stock of Ukraine]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

 

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Tkachova Irina, Doctor of Science, Senior Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4235-7257
Belikova Katerina, PhD student,
Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-219-229

Keywords: horses, Trakehnen breed, keuring, exterior, motor qualities, jumping qualities, sports performance.

Abstract

The aim of the research was to study the population of horses of traken breed of Ukraine and its assessment by breeding characteristics. The object of research was the population of Trakehner horses, a breed of subjects of breeding business and private owners of Ukraine.
By results of keuring horses of Trakenen breed of different age groups are estimated on a complex of selection traits: measurements of the body, type and an exterior, motor and jumping qualities, and sports performance (n=82).
Evaluation of the measurements of the body showed that horses two years of age exceeded the performance standard for all measurements, and three-year and older age – not reached their. Indices pelvic bodies increase on least formation organism horses and horse senior age, respectively, are characterized by superior performance of fairness index and index of bone.
Trakehner horses of Ukrainian selection enough highly rated on type and exterior (higher 7.0 key), motor qualities and the most highly-on jumping qualities (higher 8.0 key), that points to their ability to show jumping. The highest assessment for type and exterior received horse 4-year-old age and older, which already virtually fully physically developed, this same group highly evaluated on motor qualities, that also explains physical development and establishing the right gaits. On jumping qualities more highly rated horse 2-year-old age.
It is established that the exterior assessment is connected with sports qualities of Trakehner horses and is a necessary selection indicator at an assessment of quality of young growth of horses.
Analysis of the database of horses that competed in dressage competitions (n=188) showed that 11.1 % of them belong to the Trakehnen breed. Horses of the Trakehner breed was made 257 appearances and received an average score of 60,84 %, which is 1.68 % higher than in horses of other breeds and crossbred horses. The activity coefficient of performances at Trakehner horses smaller the index, the average efficiency is also lower than in other breeds.
The results of the assessment of athletic performance, the rating of the best Trakehner horses, a breed competing in dressage during the period studied, with the highest index of health.

References

1. Der Trakehner. – Retrived from : https://dertrakehner.de

2. Kamzolov, B. V. (2009). Nasledie Trakenena – Trakenen Legacy. S.-Peterburg, 4–9 [in Russian].

3. Teegen, R. (2008). Analysis of a breeding program using the example of the Trakehner Breeding Association : Doctoral thesis. University Kiel,12.

4. Chashkin, I. N., Dorofeeva, N. V., Shahova, I. S. (1971). Trakenenskaya poroda loshadej i metody ee sovershenstvovaniya [Trakenen breed of horses and methods for its improvement]. Gosudarstvennaya plemennaya kniga loshadej trakenenskoj porody – The state pedigree book of horses of the Trakenens breed. Moscow : Kolos, 1, 3–14.

5. Zuchtprogramm für die Population des Ostpreußischen Warmblutpferdes Trakehner Abstammung (Stand September 2018). – Retrived from : http:// www.trakehner-verband.de

6. Horse Breeds of Germany – The Trakehner – Retrived from : http://www.infobarrel.com/Horse_Breeds_of_Germany_-_The_Trakehner

7. Vakulova, L. L., Guseva, G. N., Dorofeeva, A. V., & Shahova, I. S. (2009). Gosudarstvennaya plemennaya kniga loshadej trakenenskoj porody – State Stud Book of Trakenen Horses. Divovo : VNIIK, 7. 4–15 [in Russian].

8. Volkov, D. A., Tkachova, I. V. Latka O. M., Kunets V. V., Peresada V. O., Korniyenko O. O., Lyuty`x S. V., Gdans`ka K. V., Rossoxa V. I., Koval`ova T. M., & Tur G. M. (2015). Ukrainska verkhova poroda – Ukrainian horse breed. Kharkiv [in Ukraine].

9. Derzhavnij arhіv Harkіvs'koї oblastі (DAHO). F. R. 6184. Op. 1. Spr. 44. Ukrainskij voennyj konnyj zavod № 173. Zavodskaya kniga zherebcov-proizvoditelej za 1943–1959 gg. – Ukrainian military stud farm No. 173. Factory book of stallions-producers for 1943-1959. Kharkiv, 1 [in Ukrainian].

10. Dorofeev, V. N. (1995). Tekhnologiya treninga i ispytanij molodnyaka verhovyh porod loshadej sportivnogo napravleniya – Technology of training and testing of young horseback breeds of sports direction. Candidate’s thesis. Moskva [in Russian].

11. Mel'nik YU.F., Goroshko І.P., Bezugla L.YU., Volkov D.A., Novіkov O.O., Tkachova І.V., Gopka B.M., Pavlenko P.M., Marushchak V.D. Іnstrukcіya z bonіtuvannya plemіnnih konej. Іnstrukcіya z vedennya plemіnnogo oblіku v konyarstvі. Polozhennya pro centralіzovanij plemіnnij oblіk u konyarstvі: normativno-praktichne vidannya. Kiїv: Mіn APU, «Konyarstvo Ukraїni», 2007. 108 s

 

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Stryzhak Tetiana, Ph.D., Senior Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1966-3165
Luhansk National Agrarian University
Aksenov Yevhen,
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6292-7819
Lisin V.,
Belykov Anatolii, Ph.D.,
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4880-9567
Institute of Animal Science NAAS of Ukraine
Stryzhak Anastasia, student
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1315-8088
V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-208-218

Keywords: sex, productivity, low-intensive laser, rabbits, pigs, sperm.

Abstract

In the article highlights the results of physics-technological method implementation for animal productivity improvement by low of intensive laser radiation (LILR) using, as a factor of electromagnetic influence on the gametes of male. 24 rabbits were artificially inseminated with sperm of rabbits-producers irradiated by LILR (with an experimental obtained exposure, power and optical wavelength). From 16 fertilized female the 117 rabbits were born, with the following sex ratio: females (♀) 41.9 %, males (♀) 58.1 %, or on 19 male more, which is an advantage in the number of offspring males by 16.2 %. In experiments on pigs the biological criteria of quality and quantitative characteristics of LILR irradiated sperm of breeding boars before artificial insemination of 58 sows were analyzed. After farrowing, 603 piglets were obtained, including 39.6 % of pigs and 60.36% of the boar, respectively. The advantage in number of boars was 125 goals, or 20.72%., Studied LILR as a physical and technological factor was affected to sperm and offspring distribution by gender towards an increase of males. The obtained data allow us to calculate the predicted majority or minority of individuals of a certain gender - males or females, for further breeding and technological work with animals.
The obtained data were the basis for hypothesizing that LILR probably activates a Y-chromosome (with fewer chromatin), therefore, such sperm are more active and the first to fertilize mature eggs at the time of multiple ovulation of rabbits and sows.

References

1. BelIkov, A. A., Grabina, V. A., Lisichenko, N. L., Storyarov A. V., & Luneva V. A. (2009). Pervye itogi otsenki effektivnosti tsirkulyarno-polyarizovannogo lazernogo izucheniya v tekhnologii iskusstvennogo osemeneniya svinomatok [The first results of evaluating the effectiveness of circularly polarized laser studies in the technology of artificial insemination of sows]. Proceedsngs from ХХIV Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-praktichnaya konferentsiya «Primenenie lazerov v meditsine i biologii» – The XХХII International Scientific and Practical Conference «Application of lasers in medicine and biology» (рр.170–173). Gurzuv [in Russian].

2. Stryzhak, T. A., BelIkov, A. A., Stryzhak, A. V., & Korobov, A. M. (2018). Vplyv nyzkointensyvnoho lazernoho vyprominiuvannia na reproduktyvnu yakist svynomatok [Influence of low-intensity laser radiation on the reproductive quality of sows]. Proceedings from XLVIII Mezhdunarodnoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferentsiyi «Zastosuvannya lazeriv u meditsini ta bIologiyi» – The XLVIII International Scientific and Practical Conference "Application of lasers in medicine and biology" (рр. 152–154). Kharkіv [in Urainian].

3. Belikov A. A. Metod vybora luchshego varianta stimulyatsii spermiev vrashchayushchimsya magnitnym polem [Method for choosing the best variant of sperm stimulation with a rotating magnetic field]. (2008) XXIX Mezhdunarodnoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferentsiyi «Zastosuvannya lazeriv u meditsini ta biologiyi» – The XXIXI International Scientific and Practical Conference "Application of lasers in medicine and biology" (рр. 182–183). Kharkіv [in Russian].

4. Grabina, V. A. (2008). Vliyanie nizkointensivnogo lazernogo izlucheniya s tsirkulyarnoy polyarizatsiey na eyakulyat khryakov [Influence of low-intensity laser radiation with circular polarization on the ejaculate of boars]. XXIX Mezhdunarodnoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferentsiyi «Zastosuvannya lazeriv u meditsini ta biologiyi» – The XXIXI International Scientific and Practical Conference "Application of lasers in medicine and biology" (рр. 183–185). Kharkіv [in Russian].

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8. Kotsyubenko, G. A. (2013). Naukovo-praktychni metody pidvyshchennia produktyvnosti kroliv [Scientific and practical methods of improving the productivity of rabbits]. Mikolaiiv : MNAU [in Urainian].

9. Pogorelova, A. O. (2017). Vpliv statі ta porodnoyi nalezhnosti na rist ta rozvitok kroliv spetsializovanih m’yasnih porid [Influence of sex and breed on the growth and development of rabbits of specialized meat breeds]. Visnik agrarnoi nauki Prichornomor’ya – Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Black Sea, 4, 158–167 [in Urainian].

10. Ibatullin, I. I., & Zhukors`kiy, O. M. (eds) (2017) Metodolohiya ta orhanizatsiya naukovykh doslidzhen` u tvarynnytstvi: posibnyk [Methodology and organization of scientific research in animal husbandry]. Kyiv : Ahrarna nauka [in Ukrainian].

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Sobol Olga, Ph.D., Associate Professor
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7607-7758
Kherson State Agrarian University

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2019-122-198-208

Keywords: horses, working-use horse breeding, measurements, body indices, intensity of use, horse-days, correlation

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of the condition and ways of enhancement the horse breeding system in the working -use direction of the Kherson region. For evaluation the number of horses’ dynamics in the region, changes in the number of animals of other branches were studied. The onlybranch that showed a positive trend is poultry the livestock increased by 63.9%. The horse breeding branch suffered the greatest losses (94.0%). In addition to horse breeding, adverse conditions were noted for the development of sheep husbandryand goat husbandry, where the livestock reduction was 92.9%. Slightly smaller losses, 84.4 and 78.0%, respectively, were noted for the cattle breeding and pig breeding branches.
As of 1.01. 2018, the number of horses in the region was 0.8 thousand heads or 6.03
% of the required. The problem of horse breeding in the region is the lack of pedigree resources: only 4.38% of the available stock had documented data on the origin, the most represented breeds were Shetland pony (34.3%), horses of Western European sport breeds (25.7) and Ukrainian ride horse (20.0%), stallions of trotter and heavy breed breeds for improving horses of local breeding were not identified.
In the absence of use of sires of breeds - improvers, the studied population was small, the average measurements of mares were 149.3 - 150.8 - 170.2 - 18.1 cm, geldings 150.8 - 151.0 - 171.3 - 18, 3 cm. The horses had an underdeveloped skeleton (metacarpal index 12.1 ... 12.2), an almost square format (index 99.2 ... 100.5) and a relatively small chest circumference (chest index 113.7 ... .114.0), a small live weight of 402.4 and 409.8 kg. The use of horses was not effective enough, the working time fund was underutilized by 10.62 ... 27.84
%. Reliable indicators of the relationship with the intensity of use for all measurements, especially for height at the withers (0.641 ... .0.683), chest girth (0.314 ... 0.697), were revealed. The highest coefficients were obtained for the indicator of live weight (0.212 ... 0.755).
Based on the foregoing, the main way to
enhancement working - user horse breeding in the region is to improve horses in the direction of increasing their height at the withers and live weight through the use of stallions - producers of improving breeds.

References

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  6. Hopka, B. M., Kalantar, O. A., & Pavlenko, P. M. (1989) Koni v sil's'komu hospodarstvi [Horses in agriculture]. Kyiv: Urozhay, 152 р. [in Ukrainian].
  7. Sobol', O. M. (2014). Rabochiye kachestva loshadey raznogo proiskhozhdeniya v usloviyakh fermerskikh i krest'yanskikh khozyaystv Bliznetsovskogo rayona Khar'kovskoy oblasti [The working qualities of horses of different origin in the conditions of farm and peasant farms of the Bliznetsovsky district of Kharkov region]. Naukovo-texnichny`j byuleten` Insty`tutu tvary`nny`cztva NAAN– Scientific – technical Bulletin’ – Kharkіv: Institute of Animal Science NAAS, 111, 201–207 [in Russian]
  8. Posternak, L. I. (2017). Perspektyvy ta kryteriyi rozvytku haluzi konyarstva v Ukrayini [Prospects and criteria for the development of the equestrian industry in Ukraine]. Ahrarna nauka ta kharchovi tekhnolohiyi Agrarian science and food technology, 2,230–236 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Klimenko, L. (1993). Ispol'zovanie rysakov kak rabochikh loshadey [The use of trotters as working horses ]. Konevodstvo i konnyy sportHorse breeding and equestrian sport, 4, 2 [in Russian].
  10. Novikov, A. A. (2005). Konevodstvo Ukrainy [Horse breeding of Ukraine] Materialy II naukovo-praktychnoyi konferentsiyi «Hodivlya koney. Suchasnyy stan haluzi. Problemy ta perspektyvy» Proceedings of the Second Scientific and Practical Conference «Feeding horses. The current state of the industry. Problems and Prospects» Dnipropetrovsk : Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian University (рр. 4 – 9) [in Russian].
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  12. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrayiny – Livestock of Ukraine: Statystychnyy zbirnyk (2018). Retrieved from www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat _u/2018/zb /05/zb_tu2017pdf.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  13. Bukusheva, A. V. (2015). Statisticheskaya obrabotka dannykh v Gnumeric – Correlation table – Statistical data processing in Gnumeric. Saratov? Retrieved from: https://docplayer.ru/30392009-Statisticheskaya-obrabotka-dannyh-v-gnumeric.html [in Russian].

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