Return to content

article

 

Piskun V. I., doctor agricultural science, senior scientist,
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0373-9268
Antonenko S. F., doctor agricultural science, senior scientist,
 Admin O. E., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, senior scientist,
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5070-8926
Osipenko T. L., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2605-3587
Admina N. G., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, senior scientist,
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5224-2640
Zolotarev A. P., Researcher
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5532-3988
 Sikun M. V., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Institute of Animal Science of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

DOI https://doi.org/10.32900/2312-8402-2021-126-120-133

Keywords: heifers, paratypic parameters, live weight, average daily gain, safety, multicriteria analysis, regression model.

Abstract

The article examines the effectiveness of heifers under the influence of paratypic parameters. Parameters of efficiency of heifers at the “Gontarivka” breeding facility were 1.2153 times worse than the indicators at “Profintern” breeding facility in 2018; for 2019 - 1.3449 times and for 2020 - 1.2372 times.
Multicriteria analysis takes into account such parameters as the age of the first insemination and the number of heads in the insemination groups. It was found a special advantage of soybean meal usage according to the considered criteria when it was 0.0119 and for sunflower meal – 2.3697 times less. The probable influence of the year on the growing intensity of young stock (p<0.001) was established. Thus, the strength of the influence of this parameter in the breeding facility “Gontarivka” was 0.8%, in “Kutuzivka” breeding facility it was 4.1% and in “Stepne” breeding facility it was 1.8%. The growth rate of heifers during the study period in all farms changed slightly. The increase in the average daily weight gain between 2018 and 2021 in the “Gontarivka” breeding facility was 124 g, in the “Kutuzivka” - 164 g and in the “Stepne” - 27 g (p <0.001). The same patterns in changes in average daily increments over the years in all farms indicate their dependence on climatic conditions of the season. The dynamics of changes in the growth of heifers depending on their age was also determined, the strength of which was 5.26% in “Gontarivka”, 7.43% in “Kutuzivka” and 7.43% in “Stepne” (p <0.001).
The average daily weight gain also depended on the average monthly air temperature. The strength of the impact of this factor was 17.7% in “Gontarivka”, 13.6% in “Kutuzivka” and 9.6% in “Stepne” (p <0.001). Analysis of the dynamics of changes in average daily weight gain for the whole period showed that in the summer with increasing air temperature decreased. Conversely, in winter, when keeping heifers indoors, the average daily gain increased. The correlation coefficient between the growth of heifers and the average monthly temperature in "Gontarivka" was negative (r = -0.159, p <0.001), and with the age of animals - positive (r = +0.039, p <0.01). For “Kutuzivka”, the values of the coefficients in the direction of communication did not differ and amounted to -0.159 (p <0.001) and +0.190 (p <0.001), respectively. According to the data of animal development of the State Enterprise "Stepne" positive correlations of growth with the age of heifers (r = +0.187, p <0.001) and with the average monthly air temperature (r = +0.151, p <0.01). Based on the results of calculations, models for forecasting average daily increments for experimental farms have been developed.

References

1. Iliashenko, H. D. & Polupan, Yu. P. (2009). Vplyv henetychnykh ta paratypnykh chynnykiv na molochnu produktyvnist koriv ukrainskoi chervonoi ta chorno-riaboi molochnykh porid. [Influence of genetic and paratypic factors on milk productivity of cows of Ukrainian red and white, black and white dairy breeds]. Visnyk stepu [Bulletin of the Steppe]. Kirovohrad: Kirovohradskyi IAPV UAAN, 6, 129–136 [in Ukrainian].

2. Savchuk, D. I., Polupan, Yu. P., Sakhatskyi, P. S. & Haievyi, V. V. (2001). Reaktsiia velykoi rohatoi khudoby na deiaki faktory seredovyshcha. [Reaction of cattle to some environmental factors]. Biolohiia tvaryn [The Animal Biology]. Lviv, 3, 1, 70–72 [in Ukrainian].

3. Hladii, M. V., Polupan, Yu. P., Bazyshyna, I. V., Bezrutchenko, I. M. & Polupan, N. L. (2014). Vplyv henetychnykh i paratypovykh chynnykiv na hospodarsky korysni oznaky koriv. [Influence of genetic and paratypic factors on economically useful traits of cows]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn [Animal breeding and genetics]. Kyiv, 48, 48‑61 [in Ukrainian].

4. Belenkaya, A. E. (2018). Influence of paratypic factors on the productivity of holstein cow. International scientific and practical conference "AgroSMART – Smart solutions for agriculture" (AgroSMART 2018). Series: Advances in engineering research, 151, 77 80. doi: https://doi.org/10.2991/agrosmart-18.2018.15

5. Siratskyi, Y. & Fedorovych, Ye. (2000). Pravyla vyroshchuvannia vysokoproduktyvnoho remontnoho molodniaku. [Rules for growing highly productive young stock]. Propozytsiia, 7, 70–71 [in Ukrainian].

6. Melnyk, Yu. F. (2000). Zalezhnist produktyvnosti khudoby ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody vid spadkovykh i paratypovykh faktoriv [Dependence of productivity of cattle of the Ukrainian red-spotted dairy breed on hereditary and paratypic factors. Аbstract of the candidate]. (Candidate’s thesis). Chubynske [in Ukrainian].

7. Shkurko, T. P. (2009). Produktyvne vykorystannia koriv molochnykh porid [Productive use of dairy cows. monograph]. Dnipropetrovsk: IMA Press [in Ukrainian].

8. Semchuk, I. Ya., Pivtorak, Ya. I. & Dutka V. R. (2014). Orhanizatsiia normovanoi hodivli ta spriamovanoho vyroshchuvannia remontnykh telyts. [Organization of standardized feeding and directed breeding of repair heifers]. Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva [Animal Husbandry Products Production and Processing], 2, 43‑45 [in Ukrainian].

9. Kostenko, V. I. (2020). Intensyvni metody vyroshchuvannia remontnoho molodniaku velykoi rohatoi khudoby [Intensive methods of raising repair young cattle]. Kyiv: Lira-K [in Ukrainian].

10. Pidpala, T. V., Yasevin, S. Ye., Drovniak, O. V. (2011). Intensyvne vyroshchuvannia remontnoho molodniaku molochnoi khudoby. [Intensive rearing of repair young cattle]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu [Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.], 11(51), 117‑120 [in Ukrainian].

11. Kruhliak, O. V. (2018). Formuvannia vysokoproduktyvnykh molochnykh stad yak chynnyk pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti vyrobnytstva moloka. [Formation of highly productive dairy herds as a factor in improving the efficiency of milk production]. Ekonomika APK. 3, 24– 31 [in Ukrainian].

12. Havrylenko, M. (2001). Vymohy do rostu i rozvytku pleminnykh telyts. [Requirements for the growth and development of breeding heifers]. Propozytsiia, 8, 80‑81 [in Ukrainian].

13. Mirskij, Moshe (2004). Molochnaja promyshlennost' Izrailja [Israeli dairy industry] [in Russian].

14. Piskun,V. I., Yatsenko, Yu. V. & Yatsenko, Yu. Yu. (2020). The concept of optimization of technological solutions of agricultural production. Modernengineeringandinnovativetechnologies. Germany, 12(1), 5‑11. doi: 10.30890/2567-5273.2020-12-01-015.

Пошук по сайту

Оголошення

 Ми у соцмережах

 

 

Оголошується набір статей до чергового 128 номеру НТБ (правила оформлення)

Наукометричні профілі науковців ІТ НААН (подивитися)

Увага! Змінилася адреса Інституту (подивитися)

Об’ява! Оренда приміщення  (детальніше)

Звіти діяльності ДП ДГ "Гонтарівка" (подивитися)

Корисна інформація

Послуги і пропозиції:

- дослідження якості кормів та продукції тваринного походження: (Прайс)

- молекулярно-генетичні і фізіолого-біохімічні дослідження: (Прайс)

- перелік послуг, що надаються ІТ НААН:(прайс)


Наукова література