Return to content



Borshch O.O.PhD, docent
Borshch O.V., PhD, docent
Fedorchenko M.M., PhD, docent
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University


Keywords: dairy cows, adaptation, loose housing, milking, behavior, milking machine «Yalinka».


The study aimed to examine the characteristics of the main behavioral reactions of first-borns and cows of II and III lactations during weaning with changes in housing and milking conditions and productivity of the entire farm during the adaptation period (30 days). The research was conducted at the BNAU Scientific Research Center (Bila Tserkva district, Kyiv region) on cows of the Ukrainian Black-Spotted dairy breed. The number of cows of the second lactation and older was kept loosely in premises (L×W×H 78×21×5 m) for 200 heads, and heifers in winter – in the premises for loose housing and in summer on playgrounds. A group of cows of the second lactation and older before milking changed the conditions on a parallel-pass type installation. After calving, the group of firstborns was milked by mobile milking equipment with a bucket. Animals of both groups 10 days after calving were transferred to another reconstructed for loose-box maintenance of the capital room for 150 heads (78×21×5 m) with milking in the milking parlor at the installation "Herringbone" 2×6. It was found that the group of first-borns had better adaptive traits compared to the group of cows of II and III lactations, which is confirmed by the shorter time to achieve the ratio of acts of daily behavior, which is due to the schedule of "ideal day". The values of the comfort index in first-borns corresponded to the recommended norms starting from 11-15 days (III period), and the index of stall use - starting from 6-10 days (II period). In the group of cows of II and III lactations, the values of these indices corresponded to the norm from 16-20 days (IV period) and 11-15 days (III period), respectively. The firstborns showed higher adaptive traits in terms of feed intake duration than cows of II and III lactations (6-10 days). The duration of feed intake in groups of cows of II and III lactations corresponded to the recommended values starting from the III period (11-15 days). Cows II and older during lactation during the adaptation period prevailed in the daily productivity of first-borns – by 1.48-1.90 kg. At the same time, the group of first-borns during the 30-day adaptation period increased productivity – by 1.07 kg, and the group of cows II and older lactations – by 0.73 kg.


1. Ruban, S. Yu., Borshch, O. O., & Borshch, O. V. (2017). Suchasni tekhnolohii vyrobnytstva moloka (osoblyvosti ekspluatatsii, tekhnolohichni rishennia, eskizniproekty) [Modern technologies of milk production (features of operation, technological solutions, sketch projects)]. Kharkiv: FOP Brovin O. V. [in Ukrainian].

2. Ruban S., Borshch O. O., Borshch O. V., Orischuk O., Balatskiy, Y., Fedorchenko, M., Kachan, A., & Zlochevskiy, M. (2020). The impact of high temperatures on respiration rate, breathing condition and productivity of dairy cows in different production systems. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 38(l), 61–72.

3. Khmelnychyi, L. M., & Podoba, B. Ye. (2014). Udoskonalennia stada z rozvedennia ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody za pokaznykamy dovichnoi produktyvnosti. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia: Tvarynnytstvo [Bulletin of Sumy NAU: animal husbandry]. Sumy, 2(1), 91–97 [in Ukrainian].

4. Kozii, V. I. (2012). Dobrobut tvaryn (istorychni, naukovi ta normatyvni aspekty) [Animal welfare (historical, scientific and regulatory aspects)]. Bila Tserkva [in Ukrainian].

5. Borshch, O. O., Ruban, S. Yu., & Borshch, O. V. (2021). The influence of genotypic and phenotypic factors on the comfort and welfare rates of cows during the period of global climate changes. Agraarteadus, 1, 25–34. doi:

6. Borshch, O. O., Ruban, S. Yu., Borshch, O. V., & Polishchuk, V. M. (2021). Bioenergetic and ethological features of the first-calf heifers of different genotypes. Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, 4(1), 51–55. doi: 10.32718/ujvas4-1.10

7. Sitkowska, B., Piwczyński, D., Aerts, J., & Waśkowicz, M. (2015). Changes in milking parameters with robotic milking. Archive Animal Breeding, 58, 137–143. url:

8. Krawczel, P., & Grant, R. (2009). Effect of cow comfort on milk quality, productivity and behaviorin. NMC Annual Meeting Proceedings,15–24. Retrieved from

 9. Nelson, A. J. (1996). On-farm nutrition diagnostics. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference. American Association of Bovine Practitioners (September 12-14, 1996). San Diego, California. P. 76–85. doi: 19965940

10. Overton, M. W., Sischo, W. M., Temple, G. H., & Moore, D. A. (2002). Using time-lapse video photography to assess dairy cattle lying behavior in a free-stall barn. Journal of Dairy Science, 85(9), 2407–2413. doi:

11. Cook, N. B., Bennett, T. B., & Nordlund, K. V. (2005). Monitoring indices of cow comfort in free-stall-housed dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science, 88(11), 3876–3885. doi:

12. Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M. & Fraser, D. (2005). Influence of neck-rail placement on free-stall preference, use, and cleanliness. Journal of Dairy Science, 88(8), 2730–2737. doi:

13. Mein, G. A., Neijenhuis, F., Morgan, W. F., Reinemann, D. J., Hillerton, J. E., Baines, J. R., Ohnstad, I., Rasmussen, M. D., Timms, L., Britt, J. S., Farnsworth, R., Cook, N.& Hemling, T. (2001). Evaluation of bovine teat condition in commercial dairy herds: 1. Noninfectious factors. Procceedings. 2nd International Symposium on Mastitis and Milk Quality. National Mastitis Council Inc., Vancouver, BC, Canada, 347–351. Retrieved from evaluation-of-bovine-teat-condition.pdf

14. Sprecher, D. J., Hosteler, D. E., & Kaneene, J. B. (1997). A lameness scoring system that uses posture and locomotion to predict dairy cattle reproductive performance. Theriogenology, 47(6), 1179–1187. doi:

15. Mee, J.F., & Boyle, L.A. (2020). Assessing whether dairy cow welfare is “better” in pasture-based than in confinement-based management systems. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 68(3), 135–135. doi:

16. Pérez-Ramírez, E., Peyraud, J. L., & Delagarde, R. (2009). Restricting daily time at pasture at low and high pasture allowance: Effects on pasture intake and behavioral adaptation of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(7), 3331–3340. doi: 10.3168/jds.2008-1951

Пошук по сайту


 Ми у соцмережах



Оголошується набір статей до чергового 128 номеру НТБ (правила оформлення)

Наукометричні профілі науковців ІТ НААН (подивитися)

Увага! Змінилася адреса Інституту (подивитися)

Об’ява! Оренда приміщення  (детальніше)

Звіти діяльності ДП ДГ "Гонтарівка" (подивитися)

Корисна інформація

Послуги і пропозиції:

- дослідження якості кормів та продукції тваринного походження: (Прайс)

- молекулярно-генетичні і фізіолого-біохімічні дослідження: (Прайс)

- перелік послуг, що надаються ІТ НААН:(прайс)

Наукова література